当前位置:首页 - 新闻资讯 > 新闻中心 >

工业齿轮油日常使用及管理

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-08-02
要想齿轮油用的久、用得好,首先需要选对齿轮油。当设备齿轮节圆圆周速度小于等于25m/s时,应选择工业闭式齿轮油。当设备齿轮节圆圆周速度大于25m/s时,应选择汽轮机油。当齿轮传动承受较严重冲击负荷时,可适当增加一个粘度等级。锥齿轮传动节圆圆周速度是指锥齿轮齿宽中点的节圆圆周速度。当设备齿轮节圆圆周速度大于80m/s时,应当由齿轮装置制造者特殊考虑并具体推荐一款合适的齿轮油给用户。
If you want to use gear oil for a long time and well, you first need to choose the right gear oil. When the circumferential speed of the gear pitch of the equipment is less than or equal to 25m/s, industrial closed gear oil should be selected. When the circumferential speed of the gear pitch of the equipment is greater than 25m/s, turbine oil should be selected. When the gear transmission bears serious impact load, a viscosity grade can be appropriately increased. The pitch circumference speed of bevel gear transmission refers to the pitch circumference speed at the midpoint of the tooth width of bevel gear. When the circumferential speed of the gear pitch of the equipment is greater than 80m/s, the manufacturer of the gear device should give special consideration and recommend a suitable gear oil to the user.
防止齿面产生磨损:发生齿面磨损主要是齿轮油中的颗粒杂质或齿轮油的润滑性不够造成。齿轮油中的颗粒杂质可能是由于油箱系统或齿轮清洗不干净而带入的金属加工屑或外来污染物。因此,在加新油前一定要认真清洗油箱和部件,以降低杂质,这对减少齿轮的磨损和改善齿轮油的抗泡性能也是非常有利的。齿轮油的粘度等级过低或润滑性能不良也会使齿面发生异常磨损。因此,要选用润滑性好的齿轮油或适当提高齿轮油的粘度等级来改善齿轮油的润滑性能。
Prevention of tooth surface wear: tooth surface wear is mainly caused by particle impurities in gear oil or insufficient lubrication of gear oil. The particulate impurities in the gear oil may be metal chips or foreign pollutants brought in by the unclean cleaning of the oil tank system or gears. Therefore, the oil tank and components must be carefully cleaned before adding new oil to reduce impurities, which is also very beneficial to reduce the wear of gears and improve the anti foaming performance of gear oil. Low viscosity grade of gear oil or poor lubrication performance will also cause abnormal wear on the tooth surface. Therefore, we should choose gear oil with good lubricity or appropriately improve the viscosity grade of gear oil to improve the lubrication performance of gear oil.
防止油品产生乳化或产生泡沫:油与水是两种互不相溶的液体,在一定条件下,会形成稳定或不稳定的乳化液。在与水的接触中,油品的乳化程度与油的组成有关,也与水的纯度、所含成分的性质有关,还与油-水体系使用时的工况条件有关。工业齿轮油中一般都添加了一定比例的破乳剂,保证油品具有优良的抗乳化性能。在实际使用过程中,要严格控制混入油品中的水量,尤其要避免轧制液进入油中,防止其加速油品的乳化。此外,大型的齿轮装置集中润滑系统采用延长用油的沉降时间的方法,或对循环用油进行过滤、离心分离等也都是防止油品乳化的有效手段。工业齿轮油在使用中易产生泡沫。一般在工业齿轮油中加入一定量的抗泡剂。如果抗泡剂的加入量不足,分散性不好或长期存放,稳定性差等等,均会在使用中造成齿轮油泡沫过多,且不易消失。这时可适当补加抗泡剂。如果齿轮油中进入水,不但会增加齿轮油的泡沫,还会使油品发生乳化。因此,要防止水进入齿轮油中。油箱油面高度不当,运行时也会使齿轮油的泡沫增加,在使用时要注意油面高度,及时补加与原用牌号相同质量粘度等级的齿轮油。
Prevent oil from emulsifying or producing foam: oil and water are two immiscible liquids, which will form stable or unstable Emulsions under certain conditions. In contact with water, the emulsification degree of oil is related to the composition of oil, the purity of water, the nature of the components contained, and the working conditions of the oil-water system. Generally, a certain proportion of demulsifier is added to industrial gear oil to ensure that the oil has excellent demulsibility. In the actual use process, the amount of water mixed into the oil should be strictly controlled, especially to prevent the rolling fluid from entering the oil, so as to prevent it from accelerating the emulsification of the oil. In addition, the centralized lubrication system of large gear units adopts the method of prolonging the settling time of oil, or filtering and centrifugal separation of circulating oil are also effective means to prevent oil emulsification. Industrial gear oil is easy to produce foam in use. Generally, a certain amount of antifoaming agent is added to industrial gear oil. If the amount of antifoaming agent is insufficient, the dispersion is poor, or it is stored for a long time, the stability is poor, etc., it will cause too much gear oil foam in use, and it is not easy to disappear. At this time, antifoam agent can be added appropriately. If water enters the gear oil, it will not only increase the foam of the gear oil, but also emulsify the oil. Therefore, prevent water from entering the gear oil. If the oil level of the oil tank is improper, the foam of the gear oil will increase during operation. Pay attention to the oil level during use, and timely add gear oil with the same quality and viscosity grade as the original brand.
在实际使用中,换油指标用于齿轮润滑过程中的质量监控,当使用过程中油品有一项指标达到换油指标时应更换新油,换油期取决于换油指标。工业齿轮油的换油期以时间表示,根据用油部位和用油量的不同区别对待。一般用油量较小的齿轮箱6个月换油。不进水的国外减速机,根据工况条件,换油期2000~8000H不等。对于大型齿轮装置集中润滑系统,由于定期补油,应根据换油指标监控油品质量情况。
In actual use, the oil change index is used for quality monitoring in the process of gear lubrication. When one index of oil products reaches the oil change index in the process of use, it should be replaced with new oil, and the oil change period depends on the oil change index. The oil change period of industrial gear oil is expressed in time, and it is treated differently according to the different parts and quantities of oil used. Generally, the gearbox with small oil consumption needs to change oil within 6 months. According to the working conditions, the oil change period of foreign reducers without water is 2000 ~ 8000h. For the centralized lubrication system of large gear units, since the oil is replenished regularly, the oil quality should be monitored according to the oil change index.
以上就是为大家介绍的有工业油齿轮油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction of industrial oil and gear oil. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude https://www.smxnykj.com/

相关产品 / Related products

  • API CH-4钛粒王

    API CH-4钛粒王

  • API CK-4钛粒王

    API CK-4钛粒王

  • API GL-6钛粒王

    API GL-6钛粒王

  • PAO合成酯

    PAO合成酯

截屏,微信识别二维码