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为什么建议您用全合成润滑油?

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-07-21
机油的种类分三种:全合成、半合成和矿物油。相比后两种,全合成机油在所有方面均显着优于它们。
There are three types of engine oil: fully synthetic, semi synthetic and mineral oil. Compared with the latter two, fully synthetic oils are significantly superior to them in all aspects.
全合成机油可在端温度(高温或低温)下提保护和性能,通过显着减少油泥和污染物的形成,防止氧化和酸的形成来保持发动机清洁,并提供的减少摩擦和磨损保护,以延长排油间隔。
Fully synthetic engine oil can provide protection and performance at end temperature (high or low temperature), keep the engine clean by significantly reducing the formation of sludge and pollutants, preventing oxidation and acid formation, and provide friction and wear reduction protection to extend the oil drainage interval.
矿物油
mineral oil
矿物油是从原油中提炼的,而原油固有的污染元素,例如硫,氮,镍或钒等,无法通过精炼过程完全去除,所以矿物油杂质比较多。
Mineral oil is extracted from crude oil, and the inherent polluting elements of crude oil, such as sulfur, nitrogen, nickel or vanadium, cannot be completely removed through the refining process, so there are many impurities in mineral oil.
而且原油中的某些物质不利于润滑,例如,石蜡(蜡)是一种常见的矿物油污染物,会导致机油在低温下变稠,硫是一种天然存在的无机元素,容易与氧分子发生反应,并且对机油性能有害。
Moreover, some substances in crude oil are not conducive to lubrication. For example, paraffin (wax) is a common mineral oil pollutant, which will lead to the thickening of engine oil at low temperature. Sulfur is a naturally occurring inorganic element, which is easy to react with oxygen molecules, and is harmful to the performance of engine oil.
由于精制润滑剂的各种分子具有不同的形状和大小,因此矿物油表面在分子水平上是不规则的。
Because various molecules of refined lubricants have different shapes and sizes, the surface of mineral oil is irregular at the molecular level.
在润滑过程中,当润滑剂层彼此流动时,这些不规则现象会产生摩擦,从而消耗动力,降低效率并增加热量和磨损。
In the lubrication process, when the lubricant layers flow with each other, these irregularities will produce friction, thus consuming power, reducing efficiency and increasing heat and wear.
全合成机油
Fully synthetic engine oil
全合成机油是由纯化学品进行化学工程处理,而不是由原油精制而成。
Fully synthetic engine oil is processed by chemical engineering with pure chemicals, rather than refined from crude oil.
它不含不符合设计目的的污染物或分子,它们的成分发生化学反应,以生产具有预先设计的性能特征的成品,与矿物油相比,它具有明显的优势。
It does not contain pollutants or molecules that do not meet the design purpose. Their components react chemically to produce finished products with pre-designed performance characteristics. Compared with mineral oil, it has obvious advantages.
由于全合成机油的分子均匀性,可以减少摩擦,从而提高了燃油效率和经济性,控制了热量并减少了磨损,还有助于抵抗高温下的稀化和寒冷下的增稠。
Due to the molecular uniformity of fully synthetic engine oil, friction can be reduced, which improves fuel efficiency and economy, controls heat and reduces wear, and helps to resist thinning at high temperatures and thickening at cold temperatures.
在安全和保险风险方面,全合成机油的闪点始终较高,可燃性的降低是全合成机油在高温应用中日益普及的关键驱动力。
In terms of safety and insurance risks, the flash point of fully synthetic oil is always high, and the reduction of flammability is the key driving force for the increasing popularity of fully synthetic oil in high temperature applications.
全合成机油的优点主要体现在以下几方面:
The advantages of fully synthetic engine oil are mainly reflected in the following aspects:
高粘度指数
High viscosity index
全合成机油比矿物油具有更高的天然粘度指数。因此,它可在更宽的温度范围内提供更好的发动机保护,在更极端的温度(热或冷)下,好处会更大。
Synthetic engine oil has higher natural viscosity index than mineral oil. Therefore, it can provide better engine protection in a wider temperature range, and the benefits will be greater in more extreme temperatures (hot or cold).
低温特性
Low temperature characteristics
启动发动机的难易程度不仅取决于电池的状况,点火和燃料质量,还取决于机油的流动特性。
The difficulty of starting the engine depends not only on the condition of the battery, ignition and fuel quality, but also on the flow characteristics of the oil.
如果机油在启动温度下太粘(浓稠),则会在运动部件上施加过大的阻力,导致发动机无法快速启动并保持运转。
If the oil is too sticky (thick) at the starting temperature, it will exert too much resistance on the moving parts, resulting in the engine unable to start quickly and keep running.
因为蜡是一种大的碳氢化合物分子,可防止油在较低温度下流动,而冷和稠的机油对发动机来说更难泵送,从而导致启动时的保护性降低。
Because wax is a large hydrocarbon molecule, it can prevent oil from flowing at lower temperatures, and cold and thick oil is more difficult to pump for the engine, resulting in reduced protection during startup.
由于全合成机油不含蜡,因此在较低的温度下它比矿物油保持更多的流体。
Because synthetic engine oil does not contain wax, it retains more fluid than mineral oil at lower temperatures.
氧化稳定性
Oxidation stability
氧化稳定性是机油抵抗与氧气结合引起的分解的能力。
Oxidation stability is the ability of oil to resist decomposition caused by combination with oxygen.
氧化是当大气中的氧气与有机分子反应时发生的降解过程。随着氧化作用的增加,油会增稠并失去控制沉积物和防止油泥和清漆形成的能力。
Oxidation is a degradation process that occurs when oxygen in the atmosphere reacts with organic molecules. With the increase of oxidation, the oil will thicken and lose the ability to control sediment and prevent the formation of sludge and varnish.
全合成机油具有比矿物油更高的抗氧化能力。
Fully synthetic engine oil has higher antioxidant capacity than mineral oil.
效率
efficiency
由于分子结构更为一致,因此合成纤维的牵引力比矿物油低。
Because the molecular structure is more consistent, the traction of synthetic fiber is lower than that of mineral oil.
较低的牵引力意味着流体内部的摩擦较小,从而导致热量减少,效率提高,马力增加和燃油经济性提高。
Lower traction means less friction inside the fluid, resulting in reduced heat, increased efficiency, increased horsepower, and improved fuel economy.
合成润滑油可减少摩擦,并使发动机更有效地利用能源。事实证明,汽车润滑油具有先进的润滑性,可将燃油经济性提高2-5%。
Synthetic lubricants can reduce friction and make the engine use energy more effectively. Facts have proved that automotive lubricants have advanced lubricity, which can improve fuel economy by 2-5%.
减少排放
Reduce emissions
全球每年燃烧近18亿升的机油,并通过机动车的排气管排出,造成环境污染。
Nearly 1.8 billion liters of engine oil are burned worldwide every year and discharged through the exhaust pipe of motor vehicles, causing environmental pollution.
矿物油比全合成机油更容易挥发,从而增加了油耗并造成了更多的排放污染。由于挥发性较低,全合成机油比矿物油对环境更好。
Mineral oil is more volatile than fully synthetic engine oil, which increases fuel consumption and causes more emission pollution. Due to its low volatility, fully synthetic engine oil is better for the environment than mineral oil.
延长换油周期
Extend oil change interval
矿物油一般每5000公里左右换一次机油,全合成机油的换油间隔可以延长到1万公里以上。
Mineral oil is generally changed every 5000 kilometers, and the oil change interval of fully synthetic oil can be extended to more than 10000 kilometers.
而汽车润滑油在正常行驶条件下可以保护引擎长达12000公里以上,从而将换油间隔延长了。
Under normal driving conditions, automobile lubricating oil can protect the engine for more than 12000 kilometers, thus extending the oil change interval.
简而言之,全合成机油的多功能性和纯净,均匀的分子结构赋予其性能,可提供更好的减少摩擦和磨损保护,佳的燃油效率和优异的膜强度,更大的抵抗剪切力和粘度破坏的能力以及非常高温度性能。
In short, the versatility and pure, uniform molecular structure of fully synthetic engine oil give it performance, which can provide better friction reduction and wear protection, good fuel efficiency and excellent membrane strength, greater resistance to shear force and viscosity damage, and very high temperature performance.
汽车润滑油经过专门设计,可保护发动机部件,减少排放减少环境污染,延长使用寿命并提高燃油经济性。
Automotive lubricants are specially designed to protect engine components, reduce emissions, reduce environmental pollution, extend service life and improve fuel economy.
它们可抵抗化学分解以及油泥和杂质的形成,从而保持发动机清洁并显着延长机油和发动机寿命。
They are resistant to chemical decomposition and the formation of sludge and impurities, thus keeping the engine clean and significantly extending the service life of oil and engine.
此外,汽车润滑油具有出色的油膜强度以及低温和高温性能,可提的减摩和磨损保护,并有效地延长了发动机寿命。
In addition, automotive lubricants have excellent oil film strength and low and high temperature performance, which can provide friction reduction and wear protection, and effectively extend the service life of the engine.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关山东润滑油厂家的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction about Shandong lubricant manufacturers. I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service https://www.smxnykj.com/

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