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液压油究竟是不是润滑油?

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-10-24
滑油是润滑剂的一种,它介于两个相对运动的物体之间,具有减少两个物体因接触而产生摩擦的功能。另外,它还具有着冷却、防锈、清洁、密封和缓冲等作用。而润滑油又分为柴油发动机润滑油和汽油发动机润滑油,它们各有不同的牌号可供选择。
Lubricating oil is a kind of lubricant, which is between two objects in relative motion and has the function of reducing friction caused by contact between two objects. In addition, it also has the functions of cooling, rust prevention, cleaning, sealing and buffering. The lubricating oil is divided into diesel engine lubricating oil and gasoline engine lubricating oil, which have different brands to choose from.
液压油
Hydraulic oil
液压油是利用液体压力能的液压系统使用的液压介质,在液压系统中起着能量传递、抗磨、系统润滑、防腐、防锈、冷却、密封等作用。液压油是一种传递压力(动力)的专用油,它分为普通液压油、抗磨液压油和低凝点液压油等几种。而工程机械液压油是针对工程机械及压铸机的实际工作环境要求而研发的液压系统专用油,与其它液压油相比工程机械液压油具有更好的抗磨性、防锈性、抗乳化性、抗氧化安定性、水解安定性和热稳定性。
Hydraulic oil is the hydraulic medium used in the hydraulic system using liquid pressure energy. It plays the role of energy transmission, anti-wear, system lubrication, anti-corrosion, rust prevention, cooling, sealing, etc. in the hydraulic system. Hydraulic oil is a kind of special oil to transfer pressure (power), which is divided into ordinary hydraulic oil, anti-wear hydraulic oil and low freezing point hydraulic oil. The hydraulic oil of construction machinery is a special oil for hydraulic system developed according to the actual working environment requirements of construction machinery and die-casting machines. Compared with other hydraulic oils, the hydraulic oil of construction machinery has better anti-wear, rust resistance, demulsibility, oxidation stability, hydrolysis stability and thermal stability.
液压油与润滑油的相同点与不同点
The similarities and differences between hydraulic oil and lubricating oil
相同点
Identical points
从上面的解释中,我们可以看出,润滑油与液压油同样都具有着防磨、冷却、防锈、清洁、密封等作用。而这也是我们经常会听到一些关于液压油可以当做润滑油使用的话语的主要原因。
From the above explanation, we can see that both lubricating oil and hydraulic oil have the same functions of anti-wear, cooling, rust prevention, cleaning, sealing, etc. This is also the main reason why we often hear some words about hydraulic oil can be used as lubricating oil.
主要作用上的不同
Differences in main functions
在主要作用上,润滑油和工程机械液压油还是不同的。润滑油的主要作用是减小物体摩擦而对机械所造成的伤害;工程机械液压油的主要作用则是传递压力(动力)的。
In terms of main functions, lubricating oil and construction machinery hydraulic oil are different. The main function of lubricating oil is to reduce the damage to machinery caused by object friction; The main function of construction machinery hydraulic oil is to transfer pressure (power).
侧重的不同
Different emphasis
正是由于他们的主要作用不同,所以润滑油更加注重降低磨擦,减缓磨损和防止金属烧结的功能;而液压油则更注重粘度指数,它要求液压油在高温下有良好的表现在低温下确保容易流动,降低能耗。
It is precisely because of their different main functions that lubricating oils pay more attention to the functions of reducing friction, slowing down wear and preventing metal sintering; The hydraulic oil pays more attention to the viscosity index, which requires the hydraulic oil to perform well at high temperatures and ensure easy flow at low temperatures to reduce energy consumption.
液压油当做润滑油使用有什么危害
What are the hazards of using hydraulic oil as lubricating oil
1.液压油的粘度一般是比较小的,而润滑油的粘度一般是比较大的,因此液压油当做润滑油使用时,油膜的形成是比较困难的,而这就容易导致机器磨损比较大,甚至会带来比较严重的后果。
1. The viscosity of hydraulic oil is generally small, while the viscosity of lubricating oil is generally large. Therefore, when hydraulic oil is used as lubricating oil, the formation of oil film is relatively difficult, which will easily lead to greater wear of the machine, or even serious consequences.
2.液压油与润滑油的主要作用不同,因此,它们里面的添加剂也是不同的,而两种油混用的话会导致性能的变化,甚至发生化学反应从而使得油变质,进而导致机器磨损较大。
2. The main functions of hydraulic oil and lubricating oil are different, so the additives in them are also different. The mixing of the two oils will lead to changes in performance, and even chemical reactions, which will deteriorate the oil, leading to greater wear of the machine.
3.液压系统的工作温度并不高,但是液压油传递的单位压力却很大。然而发动机曲轴箱的工作温度很高,加上燃烧室高温高压燃气的窜入,这就会使得液压油的各项功能更快失效,从而导致机器磨损加大,严重者会导致更大的损失。
3. The working temperature of the hydraulic system is not high, but the unit pressure transmitted by the hydraulic oil is large. However, the working temperature of the engine crankcase is very high, coupled with the high temperature and high pressure gas entering the combustion chamber, which will make the various functions of the hydraulic oil lose efficacy more quickly, resulting in increased wear of the machine, and even greater losses if it is serious.
以上就是为大家介绍的有46号液压油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction of 46 # hydraulic oil, and I hope it will be helpful to you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with our attitude https://www.smxnykj.com/

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