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如何区分工业润滑油有没有变质?

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-07-29
如何区分工业润滑油有没有变质?

How to distinguish whether industrial lubricants have deteriorated?
工业润滑油包括非常广泛的润滑油品种和实际应用领域。虽然品种繁多、举不胜举,但其主要品种如:蒸汽透平油、轴承润滑油、液压油、齿轮油、机床润滑油、润滑脂、金属加工液、纺织用润滑油、淬火油、导热油、电器油、冷冻机油、防锈油等,在工业上可谓量大、应用广泛,是人们普遍熟悉的品种。
Industrial lubricants include a wide variety of lubricants and practical applications. Although there are many varieties and numerous examples, its main varieties, such as steam turbine oil, bearing lubricant, hydraulic oil, gear oil, machine tool lubricant, grease, metalworking fluid, textile lubricant, quenching oil, heat transfer oil, electrical oil, refrigeration oil, rust proof oil, etc., are widely used in industry and are generally familiar to people.
因为需求量大,存储也不是容易的事情,如果变质了,那么是不能使用的。那么如何才能区分工业润滑油是否变质呢?
Because of the large demand, storage is not easy. If it deteriorates, it cannot be used. So how can we distinguish whether industrial lubricants are deteriorated?
变质的工业润滑油的颜色会呈现深黑色的状态,且泡沫多、乳化;我们也可以通过用手指来研磨区分,如无粘稠感、有异味、黑色素多或者呈现深褐色,都可以证明该油已经变质。
The color of deteriorated industrial lubricating oil will show a dark black state, and there are many foam and emulsions; We can also distinguish by grinding with our fingers. If there is no viscosity, peculiar smell, much melanin or dark brown, it can be proved that the oil has deteriorated.
如若使用变质的工业润滑油,会损坏部件,影响机器寿命,严重点可能还会出现安全事故,我们要慎重对待,更应该时刻检查油品是否变质并及时更换。那么有哪些方法可以鉴别工业润滑油变质呢?接下来来为你介绍如下几种。
If the deteriorated industrial lubricating oil is used, the parts will be damaged, the service life of the machine will be affected, and safety accidents may occur in serious points. We should treat it with caution, and we should always check whether the oil is deteriorated and replace it in time. So what are the methods to identify the deterioration of industrial lubricants? Next, let's introduce the following.
01观察法;通过取2只量杯,一只量杯装满润滑油,另一只不装润滑油,然后将有润滑油的量杯举高3个杯子的高度,在倾斜倒入空杯中,在观察期润滑油,质量好的工业润滑油会是均匀、细长、连绵不断的流入空杯中,若是质量差的,会出现时快时慢,且有时又有大块留下,则可以说明其已变质了。
01 observation method; By taking two measuring cups, one of which is filled with lubricating oil and the other is not filled with lubricating oil, and then raising the measuring cup with lubricating oil to the height of three cups, tilt it and pour it into the empty cup. During the observation period, the lubricating oil with good quality will flow into the empty cup evenly, slender and continuously. If the quality is poor, it will appear fast and slow, and sometimes there are large pieces left, which indicates that it has deteriorated.

02手指研磨法;通过手指中的大拇指与食指来研磨润滑油,反复研磨之后可以通过润滑油的润滑性、摩擦程度、磨屑多少来判断,好的润滑油会有很好的润滑性,磨屑极少,且无摩擦感,但是若摩擦时发现有颗粒状,则说明油品有问题,不能用,应及时更换。
02 finger grinding method; Grind the lubricating oil through the thumb and index finger in the finger. After repeated grinding, it can be judged by the lubricity, degree of friction and the amount of wear debris of the lubricating oil. A good lubricating oil will have good lubricity, with few wear debris and no sense of friction. However, if particles are found during friction, it indicates that the oil is faulty and cannot be used, and should be replaced in time.
03阳光照射法;可通过螺丝刀将工业润滑油粘在上面,再倾斜40度的角度,让油在阳光下慢慢的顺着螺丝刀尖落下,观察油滴情况,在光照下的油品可以清晰的看出有无磨屑,若无磨屑物,则证明良好,若有磨屑,且磨屑过多,建议更换。
03 sunshine method; You can stick the industrial lubricating oil on it with a screwdriver, tilt it at an angle of 40 degrees, and let the oil fall slowly along the tip of the screwdriver in the sun. Observe the oil drops. The oil under the light can clearly see whether there is debris. If there is no debris, it is proved to be good. If there is debris and there are too many debris, it is recommended to replace it.
04:滤纸痕迹法 ;准备一张干净的白色滤纸,滴落几滴润滑油到滤纸上,等润滑油渗漏后再观察有无黑色粉末,然后再用手指触摸看看是否有阻涩感,若有则说明杂志很多,需更换;好的润滑油应该是没有粉末的,且手指触摸时是很光滑,颜色是黄色的,代表润滑油没有问题。
04: filter paper trace method; Prepare a clean white filter paper, drop a few drops of lubricating oil onto the filter paper, and then observe whether there is black powder after the lubricating oil leaks, and then touch it with your fingers to see if there is a sense of astringency. If there is, it means that there are many magazines that need to be replaced; A good lubricant should be powder free, and it is very smooth when touched by fingers. The color is yellow, which means that there is no problem with the lubricant.
以上就是为大家介绍的有工业油液压油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction of industrial oil hydraulic oil for you. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude https://www.smxnykj.com/

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