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工业润滑油应用范围很广,基础油的种类也很多

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-07-26
工业润滑油应用范围很广,基础油的种类也很多,
Industrial lubricants are widely used, and there are many types of base oils,
如:纯矿物油,PAO聚ɑ稀烃合成油,聚醚合成油,烷基苯油,可生物降解脂类油。当它们成为某种工业润滑油时,它们之间是不能相互混合的,例如聚醚合成油和别的工业油混合之后,其性能就会显著下降。
Such as: pure mineral oil, Pao poly ɑ Dilute hydrocarbon synthetic oil, polyether synthetic oil, alkylbenzene oil, biodegradable lipid oil. When they become a kind of industrial lubricant, they cannot be mixed with each other. For example, when polyether synthetic oil is mixed with other industrial oils, its performance will decline significantly.
润滑油一般由基础油和添加剂两部分组成。基础油是润滑油的主要成分,决定着润滑油的基本性质,添加剂则可弥补和改善基础油性能方面的不足,赋予某些新的性能,是润滑油的重要组成部分。
Lubricating oil is generally composed of base oil and additives. Base oil is the main component of lubricating oil, which determines the basic properties of lubricating oil. Additives can make up for and improve the shortcomings of base oil performance, give some new properties, and are an important part of lubricating oil.
润滑油基础油
Lube base oil
润滑油基础油主要分矿物基础油、合成基础油以及植物油基础油三大类。矿物基础油应用广泛,用量很大(约95%以上),但有些应用场合则使用合成基础油或者植物油(生物基)基础油。
Lubricating oil base oil is mainly divided into three categories: mineral base oil, synthetic base oil and vegetable oil base oil. Mineral base oil is widely used, with a large amount (about 95% or more), but synthetic base oil or vegetable oil (bio based) base oil is used in some applications.
添加剂
additive
添加剂是近代高润滑油的精髓,正确选用合理加入,可改善其物理化学性质,对润滑油赋予新的特殊性能,或加强其原来具有的某种性能,满足更高的要求。调配的产品,因而使这两种基础油得到迅速发展。
Additives are the essence of modern high lubricating oil. Correct selection and reasonable addition can improve its physical and chemical properties, endow lubricating oil with new special properties, or strengthen its original performance to meet higher requirements. Therefore, these two base oils have developed rapidly.
工业润滑油在不同的应用场合中,其添加剂也不一样。室外用的液压油要有适合当地的温度变化,就不能用室内密闭环境下的液压油。另外象重载齿轮油和成型油使用条件也不同,重载齿轮油含有极压添加剂来确保可以在苛刻环境下使用,成型油,通常是纯矿物油,不含添加剂。
Industrial lubricants have different additives in different applications. The hydraulic oil used outdoors should be suitable for the local temperature change, and the hydraulic oil used indoors in a closed environment cannot be used. In addition, the use conditions of heavy-duty gear oil and forming oil are also different. Heavy-duty gear oil contains extreme pressure additives to ensure that it can be used in harsh environments. Forming oil, usually pure mineral oil, does not contain additives.
工业用润滑剂包括非常广泛的润滑油品种和实际应用领域。虽然品种繁多、举不胜举,但其主要品种如:蒸汽透平油、轴承润滑油、液压油、齿轮油、机床润滑油、润滑脂、金属加工液、纺织用润滑油、淬火油、导热油、电器油、冷冻机油、防锈油等,在工业上可谓量大、应用广泛,是人们普遍熟悉的品种。
Industrial lubricants include a wide variety of lubricants and practical applications. Although there are many varieties and numerous examples, its main varieties, such as steam turbine oil, bearing lubricant, hydraulic oil, gear oil, machine tool lubricant, grease, metalworking fluid, textile lubricant, quenching oil, heat transfer oil, electrical oil, refrigeration oil, rust proof oil, etc., are widely used in industry and are generally familiar to people.
工业润滑油的性能我们做出以下这些选用标准…
We make the following selection standards for the performance of industrial lubricants
粘度:粘度对油品质量的鉴别和确定有决定性的意义;
Viscosity: viscosity is of decisive significance to the identification and determination of oil quality;
闪点:闪点是工业润滑油在存储、使用和运输时的安全指标,还可以当做润滑油挥发性的指标;
Flash point: flash point is the safety index of industrial lubricating oil during storage, use and transportation, and can also be used as the index of lubricant volatility;
倾点:其可以间接性的证明润滑油在存储、使用和运输时低温流动性的重要指标;
Pour point: it can indirectly prove the important index of low temperature fluidity of lubricating oil during storage, use and transportation;
性能指标:由于性能指标很多,不同的工业润滑油油品之间的性能差距是很悬殊的,我们还要结合当时的实际情况作出合理和经济的判断;
Performance indicators: due to many performance indicators, the performance gap between different industrial lubricants is very wide. We should make a reasonable and economic judgment in combination with the actual situation at that time;
以上就是为大家介绍的有关扭剪螺栓专用扳手的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.xjnwz.com
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