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如果把汽油机油加入的柴油机中会怎样?

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-11-07
由于轿车、客车等汽油机车辆经常在市内行驶,因道路拥堵常处于停停开开状态,发动机也经常怠速运转,温度较低,即使在正常运转条件下汽油机的温度和压力都比柴油机低,因此在汽油机的工作条件下,发动机机油容易产生低温油泥,所以要求汽油机油具有良好的低温油泥分散性;而柴油机车辆经常在公路上行驶,车辆长时间运行,发动机温度和压力都较高,汽缸内产生较多的烟灰和积炭,发动机油也容易氧化产生胶质,因此柴油机油要求具有良好的高温清净性。如果不是十分紧急条件下,不建议这样使用。汽油机和柴油机对机油的要求是不同的。一般来说,同等级别的汽油机油和柴油机油相比,柴油机油的粘度更高,里面所含的清净分散剂、抗氧化剂、抗腐蚀添加剂等更多。
As cars, buses and other gasoline engine vehicles often drive in the city, and the engine often runs at idle speed due to road congestion, the temperature is low. Even under normal operating conditions, the temperature and pressure of the gasoline engine are lower than those of the diesel engine. Therefore, under the working conditions of the gasoline engine, the engine oil is prone to produce low-temperature sludge, so the gasoline engine oil is required to have good low-temperature sludge dispersion; Diesel engine vehicles often drive on the highway. The vehicle runs for a long time, and the engine temperature and pressure are high. More soot and carbon deposits are generated in the cylinder. The engine oil is also easy to oxidize to produce gum. Therefore, the diesel engine oil is required to have good high temperature detergency. This is not recommended if it is not very urgent. Gasoline engines and diesel engines have different requirements for engine oil. Generally speaking, compared with diesel engine oil, gasoline engine oil of the same grade has a higher viscosity and contains more detergent dispersants, antioxidants, anti-corrosion additives, etc.
如果把汽油机油加入的柴油机中会怎样?
How about adding gasoline engine oil to the diesel engine?
由于柴油机工作压力高,对摩擦副表面的油膜强度要求也高,而汽油机油粘度较低,不能满足润滑需求,各摩擦副会加剧磨损。另外柴油机各部间隙相对较大,低粘度的汽油机油也不能很好的密封气缸壁的间隙,曲轴箱窜气量会更大,发动机动力性会降低。还有就是柴油机燃烧后生成的产物中有更多的腐蚀性物质,会很快的将汽油机油中的清净分散剂中和掉,机油会很快失效,连杆瓦和曲轴瓦过早磨损甚至剥落等,发动机的使用寿命会大大缩短。
Due to the high working pressure of diesel engine, the requirements for the oil film strength of the friction pair surface are also high, while the viscosity of gasoline engine oil is low, which cannot meet the lubrication requirements, and the friction pairs will increase wear. In addition, the clearance between various parts of the diesel engine is relatively large, and the low viscosity gasoline engine oil can not seal the clearance of the cylinder wall very well. The crankcase will have more gas leakage, and the engine power will be reduced. In addition, there are more corrosive substances in the products generated after the combustion of the diesel engine, which will quickly neutralize the detergent dispersant in the gasoline engine oil. The engine oil will soon become invalid, and the connecting rod pads and crankshaft bearing pads will wear or even peel off prematurely. The service life of the engine will be greatly shortened.
这同样也是不可以的,汽油机的工作负荷相对较小,热效率比柴油机低,整体做工比较精密,各零部件之间的配合间隙较小,所以需要机油具有更好的黏温特性和流动性,并且要求机油燃烧后残留物少,而柴油机油不具备以上能力。如果将柴油机油加入汽油机中,发动机会出现起动困难、加速无力、油耗高、发动机早期磨损、温度过高等故障,同时尾气排放超标,三元催化系统过早损坏等。
This is also not possible. The working load of gasoline engine is relatively small, the thermal efficiency is lower than that of diesel engine, the overall workmanship is relatively precise, and the fit clearance between various parts is small. Therefore, the engine oil needs to have better viscosity temperature characteristics and fluidity, and the engine oil needs to have less residue after combustion, while the diesel engine oil does not have the above capabilities. If the diesel engine oil is added to the gasoline engine, the engine will have difficulties in starting, weak acceleration, high fuel consumption, early engine wear, high temperature and other failures, and the exhaust emissions will exceed the standard, and the three-way catalytic system will be damaged prematurely.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关长效柴机油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction to the long-acting diesel engine oil, and I hope it will be helpful to you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with our attitude https://www.smxnykj.com/

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