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机油少一定是烧机油吗?

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-10-19
机油少一定是烧机油吗?在这里需要明确了两个方面。
Is it necessary to burn engine oil when there is little engine oil? Two aspects need to be clarified here.
一,影响机油消耗量的因素:
1、 Factors affecting oil consumption:
1、机油的黏度:机油的黏度越低,其密封效果越差,被吸入燃烧室的量就越多。
1. Viscosity of engine oil: the lower the viscosity of engine oil is, the worse the sealing effect is, and the more oil is sucked into the combustion chamber.
2、车辆的驾驶状况:高速行驶以及频繁的加速和减速,将增加机油的消耗。
2. Driving condition of the vehicle: High speed driving and frequent acceleration and deceleration will increase oil consumption.
3、高速行驶过程中,稀释的成分将蒸发,因此高速行驶后会发现机油过度消耗。
3. During high-speed driving, the diluted components will evaporate, so excessive oil consumption will be found after high-speed driving.
4、由于新发动机没有经过磨合,因此将消耗更多的机油。
4. As the new engine has not been run in, it will consume more oil.
二,导致发动机润滑油消耗量过大的故障主要有以下八种:
2、 There are eight main faults that cause excessive consumption of engine lubricating oil:
一、机体结合部位密封不严,润滑系统漏油。
1、 The joint part of the engine body is not tightly sealed, and the lubricating system leaks oil.
排除方法:应根据漏油位置,更换各种密封垫或油封,保证其密封。
Troubleshooting: Replace various gaskets or oil seals according to the location of oil leakage to ensure their sealing.
二、油底壳油面过高。这时,多余的润滑油会被带入燃烧室烧掉,造成机油消耗量过大。
2、 The oil level of the oil pan is too high. At this time, the excess lubricating oil will be brought into the combustion chamber and burned, resulting in excessive oil consumption.
排除方法:应放出多余润滑油,使其储油量在标准范围之内。
Troubleshooting: drain the excess lubricating oil to keep the oil storage within the standard range.
三、空气滤清器机油过多。湿式空气滤清器中的机油过多,在热车情况下,被稀释后的机油,容易被高速空气流带入气缸燃烧,造成机油消耗量过大。
3、 The air filter has too much oil. There is too much oil in the wet air filter. When the car is hot, the diluted oil is easy to be brought into the cylinder for combustion by high-speed air flow, resulting in excessive oil consumption.
排除方法:应倒出多余机油。
Troubleshooting: Pour out the surplus oil.
四、活塞环受损、卡死或折断,不起刮油作用。正常情况下,曲轴旋转溅起的,用来润滑气缸内壁的机油,常被活塞环刮下流回油底壳。当活塞环磨损、卡死或折断后,刮油性能下降或不起刮油作用,使机油进入燃烧室燃烧,导致机油消耗量增加。
4、 The piston ring is damaged, stuck or broken, and does not play a role in oil scraping. Under normal circumstances, the oil splashed by the crankshaft rotation to lubricate the inner wall of the cylinder is often scraped by the piston ring and flows back to the oil pan. When the piston ring is worn, jammed or broken, the oil scraping performance is reduced or does not play a role in oil scraping, making the oil enter the combustion chamber for combustion, resulting in increased oil consumption.
排除方法:全部更换新活塞环。
Troubleshooting: Replace all piston rings with new ones.
五、活塞环对口,开口间隙过大,边间隙大,形成泵油现象。当活塞环对口时,不仅降低功率,而且润滑油可通过对口的活塞环开口进入到燃烧室燃烧。当活塞环开口,端面和活塞环槽磨损,机油就会通过一道道活塞环级级泵入气缸燃烧,造成机油消耗量过大。
5、 The piston ring is aligned, the opening clearance is too large, and the edge clearance is too large, forming the phenomenon of oil pumping. When the piston rings are aligned, not only the power is reduced, but also the lubricating oil can enter the combustion chamber through the piston ring opening. When the piston ring is open, the end face and the piston ring groove are worn, the oil will be pumped into the cylinder for combustion through the piston ring stages, causing excessive oil consumption.
排除方法:若是活塞环对口可调整相临环的开口互成 120度角,且开口不能对准喷油方向,不能在活塞梢的位置上;若是活塞环和活塞环槽磨损,应更新活塞和活塞环。
Troubleshooting: if the piston ring is aligned, the openings of the adjacent rings can be adjusted to form a 120 degree angle with each other, and the openings cannot be aligned with the fuel injection direction, and cannot be located at the piston tip; If the piston ring and piston ring groove are worn, replace the piston and piston ring.
六、气缸套磨损,活塞与气缸之间间隙过大,使气缸套与活塞环配合不好,造成机油消耗量过大。当气缸套整体磨损或偏磨,使之与活塞之间的间隙过大,活塞环与缸套不能很好配合,造成刮油性能下降,甚至有些部位不能贴合刮油,而使机油燃烧,消耗量过大。
6、 The cylinder liner is worn, and the clearance between the piston and the cylinder is too large, which makes the cylinder liner and the piston ring not fit well, resulting in excessive oil consumption. When the cylinder liner is worn as a whole or eccentrically, the clearance between the cylinder liner and the piston is too large, and the piston ring and the cylinder liner can not fit well, resulting in poor oil scraping performance, and even some parts can not adhere to the oil scraping, causing oil burning and excessive consumption.
排除方法:搪缸更换与之配套的活塞、活塞环,或者直接更换新的气缸套。
Troubleshooting: replace the matching piston and piston ring with the cylinder lining, or directly replace the new cylinder liner.
七、活塞环锥面装反、扭转环装错。当活塞环锥面装反,组合环的扭转环装错,不但不能把气缸套上的机油刮入油底壳,反而会把机油刮入燃烧室燃烧,增加机油的消耗。
7、 The piston ring cone is installed reversely, and the torsion ring is installed wrongly. When the conical surface of the piston ring is installed reversely, and the torsion ring of the combined ring is installed wrongly, the oil on the cylinder liner cannot be scraped into the oil pan, but will be scraped into the combustion chamber for combustion, increasing the oil consumption.
排除方法:要按要求装好各种活塞环。
Troubleshooting: Install various piston rings as required.
八、气门导管磨损,间隙过大。气门导管磨损,用于润滑摇臂和气门的机油就会通过气门导管和气门杆之间过大的间隙进入气缸燃烧,造成机油的消耗量增加。
8、 Worn valve guides with excessive clearance. If the valve guide is worn, the oil used to lubricate the rocker arm and valve will enter the cylinder for combustion through the excessive clearance between the valve guide and the valve stem, resulting in increased oil consumption.
排除方法:更换气门导管。
Troubleshooting: Replace the valve guide.
这时,我们就不难理解为什么机油用着用着就没了。在选择机油时,一定要注意机油粘度与发动机要匹配。若机油粘度跟发动机的不匹配,粘度低于发动机的要求,在高温高压下,使机油很容易渗漏入燃烧室导致烧机油。
At this time, it is not difficult for us to understand why the engine oil is gone when it is used. When selecting oil, be sure to match the oil viscosity with the engine. If the oil viscosity does not match the engine, and the viscosity is lower than the engine's requirements, the oil will easily leak into the combustion chamber under high temperature and pressure, causing oil burning.
建议大家长每1000公里检查一次机油液位,如果条件允许好在每次加油时进行检查。机油油位的检查是车辆日常维护保养的重项目之一。另外一点,机油在使用过程中会由于吸附水蒸气而变稀,所以在判断机油的消耗时难以正 确的判断出真实的油位。因此即使机油油位正常我们也要按照行驶里程的要求进行定期更换。如果条件允许,好在每次加油时进行检查。
It is recommended that you check the oil level every 1000 km, and if conditions permit, check it every time you refuel. The inspection of oil level is one of the important items of daily vehicle maintenance. On the other hand, the engine oil will become thinner due to the absorption of water vapor during use, so it is difficult to correctly judge the true oil level when judging the consumption of engine oil. Therefore, even if the oil level is normal, we should replace it regularly according to the mileage requirements. If conditions permit, it is good to check every time you refuel.
以上就是为大家介绍的有工业油齿轮油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction of industrial oil gear oil for you, and I hope it will be helpful to you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide you with our attitude https://www.smxnykj.com/

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