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机油颜色深浅与质量好坏的关系!

来源:https://www.smxnykj.com/ 发布时间:日期:2022-09-08
机油的颜色并不是选择机油的主要依据,不能一概而论以深色或浅色而定油质。因为不同的原料生产出来的产品颜色不同,即使同一配方生产出来的产品不同批次间油品的颜色也不可能完全相同,以油的颜色深浅来判断机油的品质是不科学的。应以机油的性能级别指标来判定。
The color of engine oil is not the main basis for selecting engine oil, and the oil quality cannot be determined by dark or light colors. Because the products produced from different raw materials have different colors, even if the products produced from the same formula have different batches, the colors of oil products cannot be exactly the same. It is unscientific to judge the quality of engine oil by the color depth of oil. It shall be judged by the performance level index of engine oil.
机油颜色深浅与质量好坏的关系!润滑油的色度仅是检查润滑油产品质量的标准之一。消费者可从润滑油的透明程度上检测润滑油的一般品质。但不能仅从润滑油、脂的颜色深或浅判断产品质量是否过关,这是因为影响润滑油颜色的因素有很多,比如基础油、添加剂等。
The color of engine oil is related to the quality! The chromaticity of lubricating oil is only one of the standards for checking the quality of lubricating oil products. Consumers can detect the general quality of lubricating oil from the transparency of lubricating oil. However, it is not possible to judge whether the product quality is acceptable only from the color of lubricating oil and grease, because there are many factors affecting the color of lubricating oil, such as base oil and additives.
1、基础油颜色不同
1. Different colors of base oil
正常的基础油是带颜色的,从金黄色到清澈透明。一般说来,Ⅰ类基础油的颜色偏深黄,Ⅱ、Ⅲ类经过加氢深度处理,以及采取化学制备,会含有更少的芳香烃杂质则逐渐清澈。合成基础油,如PAO则可以达到清澈如水。
The normal base oil is colored, from golden yellow to clear and transparent. Generally speaking, the color of class I base oil is dark yellow, and class II and III base oil will contain less aromatic hydrocarbon impurities and become clear gradually after deep hydrogenation treatment and chemical preparation. Synthetic base oil, such as Pao, can be as clear as water.
2、添加剂颜色的影响
2. Influence of additive color
添加剂对机油颜色的影响大,不同的机油要添加不同的添加剂(如:清净分散剂、抗磨剂、抗氧化剂、防锈剂等)以达到润滑保护效果及性能上的提升。本身这些添加剂都是有各自的颜色的,机油是由基础油和添加剂混合而成,所以不同的添加剂同样会导致机油颜色的不同。即使清澈如水的Ⅳ类基础油PAO,经过添加剂调合颜色也会偏黄甚至金黄。
Additives have a great impact on the color of engine oil. Different engine oils need to add different additives (such as detergent dispersant, anti-wear agent, antioxidant, rust inhibitor, etc.) to achieve the improvement of lubrication protection effect and performance. These additives have their own colors. Engine oil is made of base oil and additives, so different additives will also lead to different colors of engine oil. Even the class IV base oil Pao, which is as clear as water, will turn yellow or even golden after being mixed with additives.
由此我们可以看出,成品机油的初始颜色主要取决于基础油和添加剂的颜色。所以,机油的颜色与油品质量没有直接对应的关系。机油的性能是通过一系列发动机台架试验以及实车路试来评定的,这些测试从氧化、腐蚀、沉积物、粘环、油泥、擦伤、磨损等多个方面来测试机油的性能。
From this, we can see that the initial color of finished engine oil mainly depends on the color of base oil and additives. Therefore, there is no direct correspondence between the color of engine oil and the quality of oil products. The performance of engine oil is evaluated through a series of engine bench tests and real vehicle road tests. These tests test the performance of engine oil from oxidation, corrosion, deposits, sticking rings, sludge, scratch, wear and other aspects.
3、为什么要定期更换机油?
3. Why change the engine oil regularly?
机油在运行中会逐渐变质,主要原因有:① 燃烧副产物:如水分、酸性物质、烟炱、积碳等;② 燃油稀释;③ 机油本身的高温氧化变质;④ 灰尘及金属颗粒。
The engine oil will gradually deteriorate during operation. The main reasons are as follows: ① combustion by-products: such as water, acidic substances, soot, carbon deposition, etc; ② Fuel dilution; ③ High temperature oxidation deterioration of engine oil itself; ④ Dust and metal particles.
这些物质都容纳在机油中,同时,机油中的添加剂也会随着使用过程不断消耗。不按期更换机油,会显着降低机油对发动机抗磨的保护作用。更换机油不但可以排出油里面的污染物,还可保证机油中的成分保持在合理水平。
These substances are contained in the engine oil, and at the same time, the additives in the engine oil will be continuously consumed with the use process. Failure to change the engine oil on schedule will significantly reduce the anti-wear protection of the engine oil. Changing the engine oil can not only discharge the pollutants in the oil, but also ensure that the components in the engine oil are kept at a reasonable level.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关工业油齿轮油的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.smxnykj.com/
The above is a detailed introduction of industrial oil gear oil. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide you with services in a professional manner https://www.smxnykj.com/

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